Web Security Overview
Supported and well configured
HTTPS

Web sites need to use encryption to help their visitors know they're in the right place, as well as provide confidentiality and content integrity. Sites that don't support HTTPS may expose sensitive data and have their pages modified and subverted.

For all sites VERY IMPORTANT medium EFFORT
Supported and well configured
HTTPS Redirection

To deploy HTTPS properly, web sites must redirect all unsafe (plaintext) traffic to the encrypted variant. This approach ensures that no sensitive data is exposed and that further security technologies can be activated.

For all sites VERY IMPORTANT low EFFORT
Not supported
HTTP Strict Transport Security

HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) is an HTTPS extension that instructs browsers to remember sites that use encryption and enforce strict security requirements. Without HSTS, active network attacks are easy to carry out.

For important sites VERY IMPORTANT medium EFFORT
Not supported
HSTS Preloaded

HSTS Preloading is informing browsers in advance about a site's use of HSTS, which means that strict security can be enforced even on the first visit. This approach provides best HTTPS security available today.

For important sites VERY IMPORTANT medium EFFORT
Not supported
Content Security Policy

Content Security Policy (CSP) is an additional security layer that enables web sites to control browser behavior, creating a safety net that can counter attacks such as cross-site scripting.

For important sites IMPORTANT high EFFORT
Email Security Overview
Supported and well configured
STARTTLS

All hosts that receive email need encryption to ensure confidentiality of email messages. Email servers thus need to support STARTTLS, as well as provide decent TLS configuration and correct certificates.

For all sites VERY IMPORTANT low EFFORT
Supported and well configured
SPF

Sender Policy Framework (SPF) enables organizations to designate servers that are allowed to send email messages on their behalf. With SPF in place, spam is easier to identify.

For important sites IMPORTANT low EFFORT
Not supported
DMARC

Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting, and Conformance (DMARC) is a mechanism that allows organizations to specify how unauthenticated email (identified using SPF and DKIM) should be handled.

For important sites IMPORTANT low EFFORT

DNS Zone

The global DNS infrastructure is organized as a series of hierarchical DNS zones. The root zone hosts a number of global and country TLDs, which in turn host further zones that are delegated to their customers. Each organization that controls a zone can delegate parts of its namespace to other zones. In this test we perform detailed inspection of a DNS zone, but only if the host being tested matches the zone.

Test passed
Everything seems to be well configured. Well done.

Nameserver Names

Nameservers can be referred to by name and by address. In this section we show the names, which can appear in the NS records, the referrals from the parent zone, and the SOA record. In some situations, servers from the parent zone respond authoritatively, in which case we will include them in the list as well.

Nameserver Operational IPv4 IPv6 Sources
ns1.google.com. PRIMARY

216.239.32.10
2001:4860:4802:32::a
The server is online. Name resolves to an IPv4 address. Name resolves to an IPv6 address. NS REFERRAL SOA
ns2.google.com.
216.239.34.10
2001:4860:4802:34::a
The server is online. Name resolves to an IPv4 address. Name resolves to an IPv6 address. NS REFERRAL
ns3.google.com.
216.239.36.10
2001:4860:4802:36::a
The server is online. Name resolves to an IPv4 address. Name resolves to an IPv6 address. NS REFERRAL
ns4.google.com.
216.239.38.10
2001:4860:4802:38::a
The server is online. Name resolves to an IPv4 address. Name resolves to an IPv6 address. NS REFERRAL

Nameserver Addresses

This section shows the configuration of all discovered nameservers by their IP address. To find all applicable nameservers, we inspect the parent zone nameservers for names and glue and then the tested zone nameservers for NS records. We then resolve all discovered names to IP addresses. Finally, we test each address individually.

Nameserver Operational Authoritative Recursive UDP TCP Sources Payload Size
216.239.32.10 PRIMARY
ns1.google.com.
PTR: ns1.google.com.
The server appears to be online. Version: Nameserver provides authoritative responses Nameserver doesn't provide recursive service Nameserver responds to UDP queries Nameserver responds to TCP queries NAME, GLUE 512
216.239.34.10
ns2.google.com.
PTR: ns2.google.com.
The server appears to be online. Version: Nameserver provides authoritative responses Nameserver doesn't provide recursive service Nameserver responds to UDP queries Nameserver responds to TCP queries NAME, GLUE 512
216.239.36.10
ns3.google.com.
PTR: ns3.google.com.
The server appears to be online. Version: Nameserver provides authoritative responses Nameserver doesn't provide recursive service Nameserver responds to UDP queries Nameserver responds to TCP queries NAME, GLUE 512
216.239.38.10
ns4.google.com.
PTR: ns4.google.com.
The server appears to be online. Version: Nameserver provides authoritative responses Nameserver doesn't provide recursive service Nameserver responds to UDP queries Nameserver responds to TCP queries NAME, GLUE 512
2001:4860:4802:32::a PRIMARY
ns1.google.com.
PTR: ns1.google.com.
The server appears to be online. Version: Nameserver provides authoritative responses Nameserver doesn't provide recursive service Nameserver responds to UDP queries Nameserver responds to TCP queries NAME 512
2001:4860:4802:34::a
ns2.google.com.
PTR: ns2.google.com.
The server appears to be online. Version: Nameserver provides authoritative responses Nameserver doesn't provide recursive service Nameserver responds to UDP queries Nameserver responds to TCP queries NAME 512
2001:4860:4802:36::a
ns3.google.com.
PTR: ns3.google.com.
The server appears to be online. Version: Nameserver provides authoritative responses Nameserver doesn't provide recursive service Nameserver responds to UDP queries Nameserver responds to TCP queries NAME 512
2001:4860:4802:38::a
ns4.google.com.
PTR: ns4.google.com.
The server appears to be online. Version: Nameserver provides authoritative responses Nameserver doesn't provide recursive service Nameserver responds to UDP queries Nameserver responds to TCP queries NAME 512

Start of Authority (SOA) Record

Start of Authority (SOA) records contain administrative information pertaining to one DNS zone, especially the configuration that's used for zone transfers between the primary nameserver and the secondaries. Only one SOA record should exist, with all nameservers providing the same information.

The domain name of the primary nameserver for the zone. Also known as MNAME.Primary nameserver ns1.google.com.
Email address of the persons responsible for this zone. Also known as RNAME.Admin email dns-admin.google.com.
Zone serial or version number.Serial number 413363145
The length of time secondary nameservers should wait before querying the primary for changes.Refresh interval 900 seconds (about 15 minutes)
The length of time secondary nameservers should wait before querying an unresponsive primary again.Retry interval 900 seconds (about 15 minutes)
The length of time after which secondary nameservers should stop responding to queries for a zone, assuming no updates were obtained from the primary.Expire interval 1,800 seconds (about 30 minutes)
TTL for purposes of negative response caching. Negative cache TTL 60 seconds (about 1 minute)
Time To Live (TTL) indicates for how long a record remains valid. SOA record TTL 60 seconds (about 1 minute)

Analysis

Good
No problems detected with the zone configuration
Excellent. This DNS zone is in a good working order. No problems detected.

DNS Queries

These are all the DNS queries we submitting during the zone inspection.

ID Server Transport Question Name Type Status

DNS Records

Correctly functioning name servers are necessary to hold and distribute information that's necessary for your domain name to operate correctly. Examples include converting names to IP addresses, determining where email should go, and so on. More recently, the DNS is being used to communicate email and other security policies.

Test passed
Everything seems to be well configured. Well done.

DNS Records

These are the results of individual DNS queries against your nameserver for each resource record type.

Name TTL Type Data
gmail.com.     300 A 142.251.16.18            
gmail.com.     300 A 142.251.16.83            
gmail.com.     300 A 142.251.16.17            
gmail.com.     300 A 142.251.16.19            
www.gmail.com.     86400 CNAME mail.google.com.            
mail.google.com.     86400 CNAME googlemail.l.google.com.            
googlemail.l.google.com.     300 A 172.217.15.69            
mail.google.com.     604800 CNAME googlemail.l.google.com.            
gmail.com.     300 AAAA 2607:f8b0:4004:c17:0:0:0:12            
gmail.com.     300 AAAA 2607:f8b0:4004:c17:0:0:0:53            
gmail.com.     300 AAAA 2607:f8b0:4004:c17:0:0:0:11            
gmail.com.     300 AAAA 2607:f8b0:4004:c17:0:0:0:13            
googlemail.l.google.com.     300 AAAA 2607:f8b0:4004:810:0:0:0:2005            
gmail.com.     86400 CAA 0 issue "pki.goog"            
gmail.com.     3600 MX 10 alt1.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com.            
gmail.com.     3600 MX 40 alt4.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com.            
gmail.com.     3600 MX 5 gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com.            
gmail.com.     3600 MX 30 alt3.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com.            
gmail.com.     3600 MX 20 alt2.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com.            
gmail.com.     300 TXT globalsign-smime-dv=CDYX+XFHUw2wml6/Gb8+59BsH31KzUr6c1l2BPvqKX8=            
gmail.com.     300 TXT v=spf1 redirect=_spf.google.com            
_dmarc.gmail.com.     600 TXT v=DMARC1; p=none; sp=quarantine; rua=mailto:mailauth-reports@google.com            
_mta-sts.gmail.com.     300 TXT v=STSv1; id=20190429T010101;            
mta-sts.gmail.com.     300 A 142.251.33.206            
mta-sts.gmail.com.     300 AAAA 2607:f8b0:4004:837:0:0:0:200e            
_smtp._tls.gmail.com.     300 TXT v=TLSRPTv1;rua=mailto:sts-reports@google.com            
gmail.com.     345600 NS ns4.google.com.            
gmail.com.     345600 NS ns1.google.com.            
gmail.com.     345600 NS ns3.google.com.            
gmail.com.     345600 NS ns2.google.com.            
gmail.com.     60 SOA ns1.google.com. dns-admin.google.com. 413363145 900 900 1800 60            

DNSSEC

DNSSEC is an extension of the DNS protocol that provides cryptographic assurance of the authenticity and integrity of responses; it's intended as a defense against network attackers who are able to manipulate DNS to redirect their victims to servers of their choice. DNSSEC is controversial, with the industry split largely between those who think it's essential and those who believe that it's problematic and unnecessary.

Feature not applicable, not implemented, or disabled
Your server doesn't support this feature.

Useful DNSSEC Tools

Certification Authority Authorization

CAA (RFC 8659) is a new standard that allows domain name owners to restrict which CAs are allowed to issue certificates for their domains. This can help to reduce the chance of misissuance, either accidentally or maliciously. In September 2017, CAA became mandatory for CAs to implement.

Test passed
Everything seems to be well configured. Well done.

CAA Policy Information

The DNS hostname where this policy is located.Policy host gmail.com
The issue property tag is used to request that certificate
issuers perform CAA issue restriction processing for the domain
and to grant authorization to specific certificate issuers.
issue
pki.goog  flags: 0

Analysis

Good
CAA policy found
Good. This domain name uses CAA to restrict which CAs are allowed to issue certificates for it.
Powerup!
Policy doesn't use reporting
This policy doesn't use reporting, which means that there is no way to contact you when a violation is detected. The CAA RFC defines the iodef property that can be used for this purpose. Do note that you're not guaranteed to be notified, given that CAs generally don't support notifications yet.

Email (SMTP)

An internet hostname can be served by zero or more mail servers, as specified by MX (mail exchange) DNS resource records. Each server can further resolve to multiple IP addresses, for example to handle IPv4 and IPv6 clients. Thus, in practice, hosts that wish to receive email reliably are supported by many endpoint.

Test passed
Everything seems to be well configured. Well done.
Some TLS and PKI information shown may have been retrieved from cache. The notes provide more information.
Server Preference Operational STARTTLS TLS PKI DNSSEC DANE
gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com
2607:f8b0:400d:c07:0:0:0:1b
PTR: qb-in-f27.1e100.net
5
220 mx.google.com ESMTP i21si2170516qti.651 - gsmtp

EHLO outbound.hardenize.com
250-mx.google.com at your service, [2600:1f18:753:1b00:eb42:a50a:13c8:2f67]
250-SIZE 157286400
250-8BITMIME
250-STARTTLS
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-PIPELINING
250-CHUNKING
250 SMTPUTF8

STARTTLS
220 2.0.0 Ready to start TLS
Supports STARTTLS. Not supported. Not applicable,
requires TLS.
gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com
173.194.204.26
PTR: qb-in-f26.1e100.net
5
220 mx.google.com ESMTP br10si2610639qkb.105 - gsmtp

EHLO outbound.hardenize.com
250-mx.google.com at your service, [18.233.176.231]
250-SIZE 157286400
250-8BITMIME
250-STARTTLS
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-PIPELINING
250-CHUNKING
250 SMTPUTF8

STARTTLS
220 2.0.0 Ready to start TLS
Supports STARTTLS. Not supported. Not applicable,
requires TLS.
alt1.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com
2800:3f0:4003:c00:0:0:0:1b
PTR: -
10
220 mx.google.com ESMTP u10si2116799vsh.682 - gsmtp

EHLO outbound.hardenize.com
250-mx.google.com at your service, [2600:1f18:753:1b00:eb42:a50a:13c8:2f67]
250-SIZE 157286400
250-8BITMIME
250-STARTTLS
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-PIPELINING
250-CHUNKING
250 SMTPUTF8

STARTTLS
220 2.0.0 Ready to start TLS
Supports STARTTLS. Not supported. Not applicable,
requires TLS.
alt1.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com
64.233.186.27
PTR: cb-in-f27.1e100.net
10
220 mx.google.com ESMTP s9si2020730vke.228 - gsmtp

EHLO outbound.hardenize.com
250-mx.google.com at your service, [18.233.176.231]
250-SIZE 157286400
250-8BITMIME
250-STARTTLS
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-PIPELINING
250-CHUNKING
250 SMTPUTF8

STARTTLS
220 2.0.0 Ready to start TLS
Supports STARTTLS. Not supported. Not applicable,
requires TLS.
alt2.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com
2a00:1450:400b:c00:0:0:0:1a
PTR: dg-in-x1a.1e100.net
20
220 mx.google.com ESMTP y16si3600943wrr.779 - gsmtp

EHLO outbound.hardenize.com
250-mx.google.com at your service, [2600:1f18:753:1b00:eb42:a50a:13c8:2f67]
250-SIZE 157286400
250-8BITMIME
250-STARTTLS
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-PIPELINING
250-CHUNKING
250 SMTPUTF8

STARTTLS
220 2.0.0 Ready to start TLS
Supports STARTTLS. Not supported. Not applicable,
requires TLS.
alt2.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com
209.85.202.26
PTR: dg-in-f26.1e100.net
20
220 mx.google.com ESMTP f12si5261144wmg.43 - gsmtp

EHLO outbound.hardenize.com
250-mx.google.com at your service, [18.233.176.231]
250-SIZE 157286400
250-8BITMIME
250-STARTTLS
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-PIPELINING
250-CHUNKING
250 SMTPUTF8

STARTTLS
220 2.0.0 Ready to start TLS
Supports STARTTLS. Not supported. Not applicable,
requires TLS.
alt3.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com
2a00:1450:400b:c00:0:0:0:1a
PTR: dg-in-x1a.1e100.net
30
220 mx.google.com ESMTP o13si5746864wri.153 - gsmtp

EHLO outbound.hardenize.com
250-mx.google.com at your service, [2600:1f18:753:1b00:eb42:a50a:13c8:2f67]
250-SIZE 157286400
250-8BITMIME
250-STARTTLS
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-PIPELINING
250-CHUNKING
250 SMTPUTF8

STARTTLS
220 2.0.0 Ready to start TLS
Supports STARTTLS. Not supported. Not applicable,
requires TLS.
alt3.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com
64.233.184.27
PTR: wa-in-f27.1e100.net
30
220 mx.google.com ESMTP u3si5184121wrs.179 - gsmtp

EHLO outbound.hardenize.com
250-mx.google.com at your service, [18.233.176.231]
250-SIZE 157286400
250-8BITMIME
250-STARTTLS
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-PIPELINING
250-CHUNKING
250 SMTPUTF8

STARTTLS
220 2.0.0 Ready to start TLS
Supports STARTTLS. Not supported. Not applicable,
requires TLS.
alt4.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com
2a00:1450:4013:c16:0:0:0:1a
PTR: ea-in-f26.1e100.net
40
220 mx.google.com ESMTP cr1si6936242ejc.534 - gsmtp

EHLO outbound.hardenize.com
250-mx.google.com at your service, [2600:1f18:753:1b00:eb42:a50a:13c8:2f67]
250-SIZE 157286400
250-8BITMIME
250-STARTTLS
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-PIPELINING
250-CHUNKING
250 SMTPUTF8

STARTTLS
220 2.0.0 Ready to start TLS
Supports STARTTLS. Not supported. Not applicable,
requires TLS.
alt4.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com
142.250.153.26
PTR: ea-in-f26.1e100.net
40
220 mx.google.com ESMTP o3si4277711edc.101 - gsmtp

EHLO outbound.hardenize.com
250-mx.google.com at your service, [18.233.176.231]
250-SIZE 157286400
250-8BITMIME
250-STARTTLS
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-PIPELINING
250-CHUNKING
250 SMTPUTF8

STARTTLS
220 2.0.0 Ready to start TLS
Supports STARTTLS. Not supported. Not applicable,
requires TLS.

Analysis

Good
Email servers match MTA-STS policy
Good. This host supports MTA-STS, which means that it restricts which MX servers can be used and how they are configured. We've verified that all MX servers listed here match the policy.
Notice
Some SMTP server assessments have been retrieved from cache
Some SMTP server assessment results have been retrieved from our cache. Because many hosts point to the same SMTP servers, we use a short-term cache to avoid testing the same SMTP servers over and over again.

Cache timestamp: 25 Nov 2021 09:47 UTC

Notice
Some SMTP server assessments contain partial information
Comprehensive TLS assessments require many connections, which is exactly what many SMTP servers don't like. We implement a two-tier assessment approach. To give you some results as fast as possible, we perform shallow assessments that use only one connection per SMTP server. We then have a background process that performs complete assessments slowly, trying to accommodate each server individually. The results presented here contain partial information. If you come back later we may be able to provide complete assessment resuls.

Email TLS (SMTP)

Transport Layer Security (TLS) is the most widely used encryption protocol on the Internet. In combination with valid certificates, servers can establish trusted communication channels even with users who have never visited them before. Network attackers can't uncover what is being communicated, even when they can see all the traffic.

Test passed
Everything seems to be well configured. Well done.
Some TLS and PKI information shown may have been retrieved from cache. The notes provide more information.

TLS Configuration: gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com (2607:f8b0:400d:c07:0:0:0:1b) Cached

Encryption protocol version determines what features are
available for negotiation between client and server.
Supported protocols
TLS v1.2
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.2 Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xcca9
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)

Analysis

Good
TLS 1.2 supported
Good. This server supports TLS 1.2, which can provide strong security when configured correctly. This version of the TLS protocol is necessary to provide good security with a wide range of clients that don't yet support TLS 1.3.
Good
Strong key exchange detected
Excellent. All cipher suites on this server rely on strong key exchange. The sweet spot is 2048 bits for DHE and 256 bits for ECDHE. Putting ECDHE suites first guarantees best security and best performance.
Notice
Partial results shown
SMTP assessments usually take a long time. To get you some results faster, we initially perform shallow checks. If you come back later we may be able to show you complete results.
Notice
Relaxed TLS assessment criteria applied to SMTP on port 25
We apply relaxed assessment criteria when evaluating TLS configuration of SMTP servers on port 25. This is because most delivery agents fall back to delivering via plaintext on failure to negotiate encryption. Some configuration elements that can be abused to attack other ports and protocols (e.g., SSLv2 and export cipher suites) are penalized in the same way as for other protocols. We will review this policy in the future.

TLS Configuration: gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com (173.194.204.26) Cached

Encryption protocol version determines what features are
available for negotiation between client and server.
Supported protocols
TLS v1.2
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.2 Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xcca9
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)

Analysis

Good
TLS 1.2 supported
Good. This server supports TLS 1.2, which can provide strong security when configured correctly. This version of the TLS protocol is necessary to provide good security with a wide range of clients that don't yet support TLS 1.3.
Good
Strong key exchange detected
Excellent. All cipher suites on this server rely on strong key exchange. The sweet spot is 2048 bits for DHE and 256 bits for ECDHE. Putting ECDHE suites first guarantees best security and best performance.
Notice
Partial results shown
SMTP assessments usually take a long time. To get you some results faster, we initially perform shallow checks. If you come back later we may be able to show you complete results.
Notice
Relaxed TLS assessment criteria applied to SMTP on port 25
We apply relaxed assessment criteria when evaluating TLS configuration of SMTP servers on port 25. This is because most delivery agents fall back to delivering via plaintext on failure to negotiate encryption. Some configuration elements that can be abused to attack other ports and protocols (e.g., SSLv2 and export cipher suites) are penalized in the same way as for other protocols. We will review this policy in the future.

TLS Configuration: alt1.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com (2800:3f0:4003:c00:0:0:0:1b) Cached

Encryption protocol version determines what features are
available for negotiation between client and server.
Supported protocols
TLS v1.2
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.2 Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xcca9
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)

Analysis

Good
TLS 1.2 supported
Good. This server supports TLS 1.2, which can provide strong security when configured correctly. This version of the TLS protocol is necessary to provide good security with a wide range of clients that don't yet support TLS 1.3.
Good
Strong key exchange detected
Excellent. All cipher suites on this server rely on strong key exchange. The sweet spot is 2048 bits for DHE and 256 bits for ECDHE. Putting ECDHE suites first guarantees best security and best performance.
Notice
Partial results shown
SMTP assessments usually take a long time. To get you some results faster, we initially perform shallow checks. If you come back later we may be able to show you complete results.
Notice
Relaxed TLS assessment criteria applied to SMTP on port 25
We apply relaxed assessment criteria when evaluating TLS configuration of SMTP servers on port 25. This is because most delivery agents fall back to delivering via plaintext on failure to negotiate encryption. Some configuration elements that can be abused to attack other ports and protocols (e.g., SSLv2 and export cipher suites) are penalized in the same way as for other protocols. We will review this policy in the future.

TLS Configuration: alt1.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com (64.233.186.27) Cached

Encryption protocol version determines what features are
available for negotiation between client and server.
Supported protocols
TLS v1.2
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.2 Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xcca9
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)

Analysis

Good
TLS 1.2 supported
Good. This server supports TLS 1.2, which can provide strong security when configured correctly. This version of the TLS protocol is necessary to provide good security with a wide range of clients that don't yet support TLS 1.3.
Good
Strong key exchange detected
Excellent. All cipher suites on this server rely on strong key exchange. The sweet spot is 2048 bits for DHE and 256 bits for ECDHE. Putting ECDHE suites first guarantees best security and best performance.
Notice
Partial results shown
SMTP assessments usually take a long time. To get you some results faster, we initially perform shallow checks. If you come back later we may be able to show you complete results.
Notice
Relaxed TLS assessment criteria applied to SMTP on port 25
We apply relaxed assessment criteria when evaluating TLS configuration of SMTP servers on port 25. This is because most delivery agents fall back to delivering via plaintext on failure to negotiate encryption. Some configuration elements that can be abused to attack other ports and protocols (e.g., SSLv2 and export cipher suites) are penalized in the same way as for other protocols. We will review this policy in the future.

TLS Configuration: alt2.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com (2a00:1450:400b:c00:0:0:0:1a) Cached

Encryption protocol version determines what features are
available for negotiation between client and server.
Supported protocols
TLS v1.2
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.2 Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xcca9
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)

Analysis

Good
TLS 1.2 supported
Good. This server supports TLS 1.2, which can provide strong security when configured correctly. This version of the TLS protocol is necessary to provide good security with a wide range of clients that don't yet support TLS 1.3.
Good
Strong key exchange detected
Excellent. All cipher suites on this server rely on strong key exchange. The sweet spot is 2048 bits for DHE and 256 bits for ECDHE. Putting ECDHE suites first guarantees best security and best performance.
Notice
Partial results shown
SMTP assessments usually take a long time. To get you some results faster, we initially perform shallow checks. If you come back later we may be able to show you complete results.
Notice
Relaxed TLS assessment criteria applied to SMTP on port 25
We apply relaxed assessment criteria when evaluating TLS configuration of SMTP servers on port 25. This is because most delivery agents fall back to delivering via plaintext on failure to negotiate encryption. Some configuration elements that can be abused to attack other ports and protocols (e.g., SSLv2 and export cipher suites) are penalized in the same way as for other protocols. We will review this policy in the future.

TLS Configuration: alt2.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com (209.85.202.26) Cached

Encryption protocol version determines what features are
available for negotiation between client and server.
Supported protocols
TLS v1.2
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.2 Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xcca9
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)

Analysis

Good
TLS 1.2 supported
Good. This server supports TLS 1.2, which can provide strong security when configured correctly. This version of the TLS protocol is necessary to provide good security with a wide range of clients that don't yet support TLS 1.3.
Good
Strong key exchange detected
Excellent. All cipher suites on this server rely on strong key exchange. The sweet spot is 2048 bits for DHE and 256 bits for ECDHE. Putting ECDHE suites first guarantees best security and best performance.
Notice
Partial results shown
SMTP assessments usually take a long time. To get you some results faster, we initially perform shallow checks. If you come back later we may be able to show you complete results.
Notice
Relaxed TLS assessment criteria applied to SMTP on port 25
We apply relaxed assessment criteria when evaluating TLS configuration of SMTP servers on port 25. This is because most delivery agents fall back to delivering via plaintext on failure to negotiate encryption. Some configuration elements that can be abused to attack other ports and protocols (e.g., SSLv2 and export cipher suites) are penalized in the same way as for other protocols. We will review this policy in the future.

TLS Configuration: alt3.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com (2a00:1450:400b:c00:0:0:0:1a) Cached

Encryption protocol version determines what features are
available for negotiation between client and server.
Supported protocols
TLS v1.2
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.2 Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xcca9
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)

Analysis

Good
TLS 1.2 supported
Good. This server supports TLS 1.2, which can provide strong security when configured correctly. This version of the TLS protocol is necessary to provide good security with a wide range of clients that don't yet support TLS 1.3.
Good
Strong key exchange detected
Excellent. All cipher suites on this server rely on strong key exchange. The sweet spot is 2048 bits for DHE and 256 bits for ECDHE. Putting ECDHE suites first guarantees best security and best performance.
Notice
Partial results shown
SMTP assessments usually take a long time. To get you some results faster, we initially perform shallow checks. If you come back later we may be able to show you complete results.
Notice
Relaxed TLS assessment criteria applied to SMTP on port 25
We apply relaxed assessment criteria when evaluating TLS configuration of SMTP servers on port 25. This is because most delivery agents fall back to delivering via plaintext on failure to negotiate encryption. Some configuration elements that can be abused to attack other ports and protocols (e.g., SSLv2 and export cipher suites) are penalized in the same way as for other protocols. We will review this policy in the future.

TLS Configuration: alt3.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com (64.233.184.27) Cached

Encryption protocol version determines what features are
available for negotiation between client and server.
Supported protocols
TLS v1.2
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.2 Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xcca9
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)

Analysis

Good
TLS 1.2 supported
Good. This server supports TLS 1.2, which can provide strong security when configured correctly. This version of the TLS protocol is necessary to provide good security with a wide range of clients that don't yet support TLS 1.3.
Good
Strong key exchange detected
Excellent. All cipher suites on this server rely on strong key exchange. The sweet spot is 2048 bits for DHE and 256 bits for ECDHE. Putting ECDHE suites first guarantees best security and best performance.
Notice
Partial results shown
SMTP assessments usually take a long time. To get you some results faster, we initially perform shallow checks. If you come back later we may be able to show you complete results.
Notice
Relaxed TLS assessment criteria applied to SMTP on port 25
We apply relaxed assessment criteria when evaluating TLS configuration of SMTP servers on port 25. This is because most delivery agents fall back to delivering via plaintext on failure to negotiate encryption. Some configuration elements that can be abused to attack other ports and protocols (e.g., SSLv2 and export cipher suites) are penalized in the same way as for other protocols. We will review this policy in the future.

TLS Configuration: alt4.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com (2a00:1450:4013:c16:0:0:0:1a) Cached

Encryption protocol version determines what features are
available for negotiation between client and server.
Supported protocols
TLS v1.3
TLS v1.2
TLS v1.1
TLS v1.0
Servers should always enforce their own cipher
suite preference, as that is the only approach
that guarantees that the best possible suite is
selected.
Server suite preference
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.3
Server preference
Suite: TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0x1303
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ecdh_x25519
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0x1301
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ecdh_x25519
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0x1302
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ecdh_x25519
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA384
TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.2
Server preference
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xcca9
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xc02b
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0xc02c
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA384
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc009
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc00a
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xcca8
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xc02f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0xc030
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA384
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc013
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc014
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0x9c
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA256
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0x9d
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA384
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x2f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x35
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xa
Cipher name: 3DES (WEAK)
Cipher strength: 112 bits
Cipher block size: 64 bits (WEAK)
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
 112 bits
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.1
Server preference
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc009
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc00a
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc013
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc014
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x2f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x35
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xa
Cipher name: 3DES (WEAK)
Cipher strength: 112 bits
Cipher block size: 64 bits (WEAK)
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
 112 bits
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.0
Server preference
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc009
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc00a
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc013
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc014
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x2f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x35
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xa
Cipher name: 3DES (WEAK)
Cipher strength: 112 bits
Cipher block size: 64 bits (WEAK)
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
 112 bits
These results have been retrieved from
our cache. This row indicates when was
that the original test ran.
Retrieved from cache
25 Nov 2021 09:47 UTC

Analysis

Notice
Deprecated TLS 1.0 protocol supported
TLS 1.0 is a weak older protocol that should be phased out. Sites that aim at a wide audience might still need to support TLS 1.0 for the time being, because many older clients don't support newer protocol versions. Sites with a modern user base might be able to disable TLS 1.0 even now. We recommend that you enable logging of encryption parameters, after which you can examine your protocol usage and make decisions with confidence.
Good
TLS 1.2 supported
Good. This server supports TLS 1.2, which can provide strong security when configured correctly. This version of the TLS protocol is necessary to provide good security with a wide range of clients that don't yet support TLS 1.3.
Good
Server enforces cipher suite preferences
Excellent. This server enforces server cipher suite preference, which means that it is able to select the best suite from the options submitted by clients. Combined with a well designed list of supported cipher suites, this settings enables negotiation of best security.
Good
Strong key exchange detected
Excellent. All cipher suites on this server rely on strong key exchange. The sweet spot is 2048 bits for DHE and 256 bits for ECDHE. Putting ECDHE suites first guarantees best security and best performance.
Good
Server prefers forward secrecy and authenticated encryption suites
Excellent. Not only does this server enforce its server preference, but it also has at the top of the list suites that support both forward secrecy and authenticated encryption. This is the best TLS 1.2 can offer.
Notice
Relaxed TLS assessment criteria applied to SMTP on port 25
We apply relaxed assessment criteria when evaluating TLS configuration of SMTP servers on port 25. This is because most delivery agents fall back to delivering via plaintext on failure to negotiate encryption. Some configuration elements that can be abused to attack other ports and protocols (e.g., SSLv2 and export cipher suites) are penalized in the same way as for other protocols. We will review this policy in the future.
Notice
DHE suites not supported
This server doesn't support the Diffie-Hellman (DH) key exchange.

TLS Configuration: alt4.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com (142.250.153.26) Cached

Encryption protocol version determines what features are
available for negotiation between client and server.
Supported protocols
TLS v1.2
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.2 Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xcca9
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)

Analysis

Good
TLS 1.2 supported
Good. This server supports TLS 1.2, which can provide strong security when configured correctly. This version of the TLS protocol is necessary to provide good security with a wide range of clients that don't yet support TLS 1.3.
Good
Strong key exchange detected
Excellent. All cipher suites on this server rely on strong key exchange. The sweet spot is 2048 bits for DHE and 256 bits for ECDHE. Putting ECDHE suites first guarantees best security and best performance.
Notice
Partial results shown
SMTP assessments usually take a long time. To get you some results faster, we initially perform shallow checks. If you come back later we may be able to show you complete results.
Notice
Relaxed TLS assessment criteria applied to SMTP on port 25
We apply relaxed assessment criteria when evaluating TLS configuration of SMTP servers on port 25. This is because most delivery agents fall back to delivering via plaintext on failure to negotiate encryption. Some configuration elements that can be abused to attack other ports and protocols (e.g., SSLv2 and export cipher suites) are penalized in the same way as for other protocols. We will review this policy in the future.

Email Certificates (SMTP)

A certificate is a digital document that contains a public key, some information about the entity associated with it, and a digital signature from the certificate issuer. It’s a mechanism that enables us to exchange, store, and use public keys. Being able to reliably verify the identity of a remote server is crucial in order to achieve secure encrypted communication.

Test passed
Everything seems to be well configured. Well done.
Some TLS and PKI information shown may have been retrieved from cache. The notes provide more information.

Certificate #1  Cached

Leaf certificate mx.google.com
Issuer: Google Trust Services LLC
Not Before: 01 Nov 2021 02:56:01 UTC
Not After: 24 Jan 2022 02:56:00 UTC (expires in 1 month 21 days)
Key: EC 256 bits
Signature: SHA256withRSA
 View details

Analysis

Good
Strong private key
Good. The private key associated with this certificate is secure.
Good
Strong signature algorithm
Good. This certificate uses a strong signature algorithm.
Good
Certificate matches hostname
Good. The provided certificate matches the expected hostnames.
Good
Certificate dates match
Good. The certificate is valid for use at this point of time.
Good
Certificate has not been revoked
Good. This certificate has not been revoked.
Good
Certificate satisfies Apple's CT compliance requirements
Good. This certificate satisfies Apple's CT requirements at present.
Good
Certificate satisfies Chrome's CT compliance requirements
Good. This certificate satisfies Chrome's CT requirements at present.

Certificate Chain

Leaf certificate
mx.google.com | 9a0a4cd
Not After: 24 Jan 2022 02:56:00 UTC (expires in 1 month 21 days)
Authentication: EC 256 bits (SHA256withRSA)
 View details
Intermediate certificate
GTS CA 1C3 | 23ecb03
Not After: 30 Sep 2027 00:00:42 UTC (expires in 5 years 9 months)
Authentication: RSA 2048 bits (SHA256withRSA)
 View details
Intermediate certificate
GTS Root R1 | 3ee0278   STATIC-PIN
Not After: 28 Jan 2028 00:00:42 UTC (expires in 6 years 1 month)
Authentication: RSA 4096 bits (SHA256withRSA)
 View details
Root certificate
GlobalSign Root CA | b41b2fb
Not After: 28 Jan 2014 12:00:00 UTC (expired 7 years 10 months ago)
Authentication: RSA 2048 bits (MD5withRSA)
 View details

Analysis

Good
Certificate chain is correct
Good. This chain contains all the right certificates and in the right order.

Email DANE (SMTP)

DNS-based Authentication of Named Entities (DANE) is a bridge between DNSSEC and TLS. In one possible scenario, DANE can be used for public key pinning, building on an existing publicly-trusted certificate. In another approach, it can be used to completely bypass the CA ecosystem and establish trust using DNSSEC alone.

Feature not applicable, not implemented, or disabled
Your server doesn't support this feature.

SPF

Sender Policy Framework (SPF) is a protocol that allows domain name owners to control which internet hosts are allowed to send email on their behalf. This simple mechanism can be used to reduce the effect of email spoofing and cut down on spam.

Test passed
Everything seems to be well configured. Well done.

SPF Policy Information Main policy

Host where this policy is located.Location gmail.com
SPF version used by this policy.v spf1
This modifier is intended for consolidating both
authorizations and policy into a common set to be
shared within a single administrative domain.
redirect
_spf.google.com

Analysis

Info
SPF policy found

Policy text: v=spf1 redirect=_spf.google.com

Location: gmail.com

Good
SPF policy is valid
Good. Your SPF policy is valid.
Good
Policy DNS lookups under limit
Good. Your policy stays under the limit of up to 10 DNS queries. The SPF specification Section 4.6.4. requires implementations to limit the total number of DNS queries. Policies that exceed the limit should not be used and may not work in practice.

Lookups: 4

SPF Policy Information Included policy

Host where this policy is located.Location _spf.google.com
SPF version used by this policy.v spf1
Evaluates SPF policy specified in another DNS location. This
directive is typically used to allow hosts controlled by
another organization.
include
_netblocks.google.com
Evaluates SPF policy specified in another DNS location. This
directive is typically used to allow hosts controlled by
another organization.
include
_netblocks2.google.com
Evaluates SPF policy specified in another DNS location. This
directive is typically used to allow hosts controlled by
another organization.
include
_netblocks3.google.com
This policy element always matches. It's normally used
at the end of a policy to specify the handling of hosts
that don't match earlier mechanisms.
~all

SPF Policy Information Included policy

Host where this policy is located.Location _netblocks.google.com
SPF version used by this policy.v spf1
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
35.190.247.0/24
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
64.233.160.0/19
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
66.102.0.0/20
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
66.249.80.0/20
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
72.14.192.0/18
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
74.125.0.0/16
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
108.177.8.0/21
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
173.194.0.0/16
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
209.85.128.0/17
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
216.58.192.0/19
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
216.239.32.0/19
This policy element always matches. It's normally used
at the end of a policy to specify the handling of hosts
that don't match earlier mechanisms.
~all

SPF Policy Information Included policy

Host where this policy is located.Location _netblocks2.google.com
SPF version used by this policy.v spf1
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv6 network.
ip6
2001:4860:4000::/36
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv6 network.
ip6
2404:6800:4000::/36
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv6 network.
ip6
2607:f8b0:4000::/36
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv6 network.
ip6
2800:3f0:4000::/36
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv6 network.
ip6
2a00:1450:4000::/36
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv6 network.
ip6
2c0f:fb50:4000::/36
This policy element always matches. It's normally used
at the end of a policy to specify the handling of hosts
that don't match earlier mechanisms.
~all

SPF Policy Information Included policy

Host where this policy is located.Location _netblocks3.google.com
SPF version used by this policy.v spf1
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
172.217.0.0/19
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
172.217.32.0/20
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
172.217.128.0/19
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
172.217.160.0/20
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
172.217.192.0/19
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
172.253.56.0/21
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
172.253.112.0/20
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
108.177.96.0/19
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
35.191.0.0/16
This mechanism tests whether the IP address being
tested is contained within a given IPv4 network.
ip4
130.211.0.0/22
This policy element always matches. It's normally used
at the end of a policy to specify the handling of hosts
that don't match earlier mechanisms.
~all

DMARC

Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting, and Conformance (DMARC) is a scalable mechanism by which a mail-originating organization can express domain-level policies and preferences for message validation, disposition, and reporting, that a mail-receiving organization can use to improve mail handling.

Feature not applicable, not implemented, or disabled
Your server doesn't support this feature.

DMARC Policy Information

The location from which we obtained this policy.Policy location _dmarc.gmail.com
DMARC version used by this policy.v DMARC1
Indicates the policy to be enacted by the receiver at
the request of the domain owner. Possible values are:
none, quarantine, and reject.
p
none
Requested mail receiver policy for all subdomains.
Same format as for the p tag.
sp
quarantine
Addresses to which aggregate feedback is to be sent.rua mailto:mailauth-reports@google.com

Analysis

Info
DMARC policy found

Policy: v=DMARC1; p=none; sp=quarantine; rua=mailto:mailauth-reports@google.com

Host: _dmarc.gmail.com

Good
Valid external destination

Permission record location: gmail.com._report._dmarc.google.com

External destination: mailto:mailauth-reports@google.com

Permission record contents: v=DMARC1

Good
Policy is valid
Good. You have a valid DMARC policy.
Powerup!
Activate DMARC policy
Although syntactically valid, your DMARC policy is effectively disabled. An effective policy must set the value of the 'p' directive to either 'quarantine' or 'reject'. In addition, if the 'pct' directive is present, it must be set to a value other than zero. (The default is 100, which means to apply policy to all emails.)

MTA Strict Transport Security

SMTP Mail Transfer Agent Strict Transport Security (MTA-STS) is a mechanism enabling mail service providers to declare their ability to receive Transport Layer Security (TLS) secure SMTP connections, and to specify whether sending SMTP servers should refuse to deliver to MX hosts that do not offer TLS with a trusted server certificate.

Test passed
Everything seems to be well configured. Well done.

MTA-STS Policy Indicator

Location from which we retrieved the policy indicator.Location _mta-sts.gmail.com
MTA-STS standard version used by this policy indicator.Version STSv1
Unique policy identifier, whose value must change
every time the underlying policy changes.
ID
20190429T010101

Analysis

Good
MTA-STS policy indicator valid
Good. Your MTA-STS policy indicator is valid.

MTA-STS Policy

The URL from which the policy was obtained.Location https://mta-sts.gmail.com/.well-known/mta-sts.txt
Policy standard version.version STSv1
Policy duration, which specifies how long the sending
MTAs should remember and enforce the server policy for.
max‑age
86,400 seconds (about 1 day)
Policy mode, which can be one of 'none', 'testing' and
'enforcing'. Guess which is best! :)
mode
enforce
One 'mx' directive specifies one email server
pattern that's allowed for this host.
mx
gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com
One 'mx' directive specifies one email server
pattern that's allowed for this host.
mx
*.gmail-smtp-in.l.google.com

Analysis

Good
MTA-STS policy is valid
Good. Your MTA-STS policy is valid.
Good
Policy host certificate is valid
Good. Your MTA-STS policy is delivered via a web server that has a valid publicly trusted certificate. This is a necessary condition for the policy to be recognized.
Notice
Policy HTTPS response information

Status code: 200

Length: 113 bytes

Content-Type: text/plain

Certificate: mta-sts.gmail.com

Leaf certificate gmail.com
Issuer: Google Trust Services LLC
Not Before: 01 Nov 2021 02:54:37 UTC
Not After: 24 Jan 2022 02:54:36 UTC (expires in 1 month 21 days)
Key: EC 256 bits
Signature: SHA256withRSA
 View details

Analysis

Good
Strong private key
Good. The private key associated with this certificate is secure.
Good
Strong signature algorithm
Good. This certificate uses a strong signature algorithm.
Good
Certificate matches hostname
Good. The provided certificate matches the expected hostnames.
Good
Certificate dates match
Good. The certificate is valid for use at this point of time.
Good
Certificate has not been revoked
Good. This certificate has not been revoked.
Good
Certificate satisfies Apple's CT compliance requirements
Good. This certificate satisfies Apple's CT requirements at present.
Good
Certificate satisfies Chrome's CT compliance requirements
Good. This certificate satisfies Chrome's CT requirements at present.

Certificate Chain

Leaf certificate
gmail.com | 3f79ae4
Not After: 24 Jan 2022 02:54:36 UTC (expires in 1 month 21 days)
Authentication: EC 256 bits (SHA256withRSA)
 View details
Intermediate certificate
GTS CA 1C3 | 23ecb03
Not After: 30 Sep 2027 00:00:42 UTC (expires in 5 years 9 months)
Authentication: RSA 2048 bits (SHA256withRSA)
 View details
Intermediate certificate
GTS Root R1 | 3ee0278   STATIC-PIN
Not After: 28 Jan 2028 00:00:42 UTC (expires in 6 years 1 month)
Authentication: RSA 4096 bits (SHA256withRSA)
 View details
Root certificate
GlobalSign Root CA | b41b2fb
Not After: 28 Jan 2014 12:00:00 UTC (expired 7 years 10 months ago)
Authentication: RSA 2048 bits (MD5withRSA)
 View details

Analysis

Good
Certificate chain is correct
Good. This chain contains all the right certificates and in the right order.

SMTP TLS Reporting

SMTP TLS Reporting (RFC 8460), or TLS-RPT for short, describes a reporting mechanism and format by which systems sending email can share statistics and specific information about potential failures with recipient domains. Recipient domains can then use this information to both detect potential attacks and diagnose unintentional misconfigurations. TLS-RPT can be used with DANE or MTA-STS.

Test passed
Everything seems to be well configured. Well done.

TLS-RPT Policy

Location from which we retrieved the policy indicator.Location _smtp._tls.gmail.com
TLS-RPT standard version used by this policy indicator.Version TLSRPTv1
Reporting endpoints specified in the policy.Reporting Endpoints mailto:sts-reports@google.com

Analysis

Good
SMTP TLS-RPT policy valid
Good. Your TLS-RPT policy is valid. SMTP TLS Reporting is a young standard that is not yet widely supported, but support is probably going to increase over time.

HTTP (80)

To observe your HTTP implementation, we submit a request to the homepage of your site on port 80, follow all redirections (even when they take us to other domain names), and record the returned HTTP headers.

Test passed
Everything seems to be well configured. Well done.

URL: http://gmail.com/

1
http://gmail.com/
HTTP/1.1 301 Moved Permanently
2
https://www.google.com/gmail/
HTTP/1.1 302 Found
3
https://mail.google.com/mail/
HTTP/1.1 302 Moved Temporarily
4
https://accounts.google.com/ServiceLogin?service=mail&passive=true&rm=false&continue=https://mail.google.com/mail/&ss=1&scc=1&ltmpl=default&ltmplcache=2&emr=1&osid=1
HTTP/1.1 200 OK

Analysis

Good
HTTP redirects to HTTPS
Good. This plaintext HTTP server redirects to HTTPS.

URL: http://www.gmail.com/

1
http://www.gmail.com/
HTTP/1.1 301 Moved Permanently
2
https://www.google.com/gmail/
HTTP/1.1 302 Found
3
https://mail.google.com/mail/
HTTP/1.1 302 Moved Temporarily
4
https://accounts.google.com/ServiceLogin?service=mail&passive=true&rm=false&continue=https://mail.google.com/mail/&ss=1&scc=1&ltmpl=default&ltmplcache=2&emr=1&osid=1
HTTP/1.1 200 OK

Analysis

Good
HTTP redirects to HTTPS
Good. This plaintext HTTP server redirects to HTTPS.

HTTP (443)

To observe your HTTPS implementation, we submit a request to the homepage of your site on port 443, follow all redirections (even when they take us to other domain names), and record the returned HTTP headers. We use the most recent set of headers returned from the tested hostname for further tests such as HSTS and HPKP.

Test passed
Everything seems to be well configured. Well done.

URL: https://gmail.com/

1
https://gmail.com/
HTTP/1.1 301 Moved Permanently
2
https://www.google.com/gmail/
HTTP/1.1 302 Found
3
https://mail.google.com/mail/
HTTP/1.1 302 Moved Temporarily
4
https://accounts.google.com/ServiceLogin?service=mail&passive=true&rm=false&continue=https://mail.google.com/mail/&ss=1&scc=1&ltmpl=default&ltmplcache=2&emr=1&osid=1
HTTP/1.1 200 OK

URL: https://www.gmail.com/

1
https://www.gmail.com/
HTTP/1.1 301 Moved Permanently
2
https://www.google.com/gmail/
HTTP/1.1 302 Found
3
https://mail.google.com/mail/
HTTP/1.1 302 Moved Temporarily
4
https://accounts.google.com/ServiceLogin?service=mail&passive=true&rm=false&continue=https://mail.google.com/mail/&ss=1&scc=1&ltmpl=default&ltmplcache=2&emr=1&osid=1
HTTP/1.1 200 OK

WWW TLS

Transport Layer Security (TLS) is the most widely used encryption protocol on the Internet. In combination with valid certificates, servers can establish trusted communication channels even with users who have never visited them before. Network attackers can't uncover what is being communicated, even when they can see all the traffic.

Test passed
Everything seems to be well configured. Well done.

TLS Configuration: www.gmail.com (2607:f8b0:4004:836:0:0:0:2005)

Encryption protocol version determines what features are
available for negotiation between client and server.
Supported protocols
TLS v1.3
TLS v1.2
TLS v1.1
TLS v1.0
Servers should always enforce their own cipher
suite preference, as that is the only approach
that guarantees that the best possible suite is
selected.
Server suite preference
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.3
Server preference
Suite: TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0x1303
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ecdh_x25519
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0x1301
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ecdh_x25519
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0x1302
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ecdh_x25519
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA384
TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.2
Server preference
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xcca9
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xc02b
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0xc02c
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA384
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc009
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc00a
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xcca8
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xc02f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0xc030
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA384
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc013
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc014
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0x9c
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA256
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0x9d
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA384
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x2f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x35
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xa
Cipher name: 3DES (WEAK)
Cipher strength: 112 bits
Cipher block size: 64 bits (WEAK)
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
 112 bits
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.1
Server preference
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc009
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc00a
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc013
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc014
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x2f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x35
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xa
Cipher name: 3DES (WEAK)
Cipher strength: 112 bits
Cipher block size: 64 bits (WEAK)
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
 112 bits
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.0
Server preference
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc009
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc00a
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc013
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc014
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x2f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x35
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xa
Cipher name: 3DES (WEAK)
Cipher strength: 112 bits
Cipher block size: 64 bits (WEAK)
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
 112 bits

Analysis

Notice
Deprecated protocols supported
TLS 1.0 and TLS 1.1 are deprecated protocols that should be disabled if possible. TLS 1.0, in particular, is a weak older protocol that has many weaknesses. Sites that aim at a wide audience might still need to support TLS 1.0 for the time being, because many older clients don't support newer protocol versions. Sites with a modern user base might be able to disable TLS 1.0 even now. We recommend that you enable logging of encryption parameters, after which you can examine your protocol usage and make a decision with confidence. As of July 2018, PCI DSS doesn't allow use of TLS 1.0. Exceptions apply in some cases.
Good
TLS 1.3 supported
Excellent. This server supports TLS 1.3, which is the latest revision of the TLS protocol and a significant improvement over earlier versions. Developed over a period of several years and extensively analyzed prior to the release, TLS 1.3 removed insecure features, and improved both security and performance.
Good
TLS 1.2 supported
Good. This server supports TLS 1.2, which can provide strong security when configured correctly. This version of the TLS protocol is necessary to provide good security with a wide range of clients that don't yet support TLS 1.3.
Good
Strong key exchange detected
Excellent. All cipher suites on this server rely on strong key exchange. The sweet spot is 2048 bits for DHE and 256 bits for ECDHE. Putting ECDHE suites first guarantees best security and best performance.
Good
Server prefers forward secrecy and authenticated encryption suites
Excellent. Not only does this server enforce its server preference, but it also has at the top of the list suites that support both forward secrecy and authenticated encryption. This is the best TLS 1.2 can offer.
Good
Server enforces cipher suite preferences
Excellent. This server enforces server cipher suite preference, which means that it is able to select the best suite from the options submitted by clients. Combined with a well designed list of supported cipher suites, this settings enables negotiation of best security.
Good
All TLS connections with this server satisfy Apple's CT requirements
All TLS connections established with this server satisfy Chrome's CT requirements, using certificate, TLS extension, or OCSP response as SCT transport method.

SCT transports: CERT

Good
All TLS connections with this server satisfy Chrome's CT requirements
All TLS connections established with this server satisfy Chrome's CT requirements, using certificate, TLS extension, or OCSP response as SCT transport method.

SCT transports: CERT

Notice
DHE suites not supported
This server doesn't support the Diffie-Hellman (DH) key exchange.

TLS Configuration: gmail.com (2607:f8b0:4004:832:0:0:0:2005)

Encryption protocol version determines what features are
available for negotiation between client and server.
Supported protocols
TLS v1.3
TLS v1.2
TLS v1.1
TLS v1.0
Servers should always enforce their own cipher
suite preference, as that is the only approach
that guarantees that the best possible suite is
selected.
Server suite preference
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.3
Server preference
Suite: TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0x1303
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ecdh_x25519
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0x1301
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ecdh_x25519
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0x1302
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ecdh_x25519
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA384
TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.2
Server preference
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xcca9
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xc02b
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0xc02c
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA384
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc009
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc00a
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xcca8
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xc02f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0xc030
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA384
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc013
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc014
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0x9c
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA256
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0x9d
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA384
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x2f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x35
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xa
Cipher name: 3DES (WEAK)
Cipher strength: 112 bits
Cipher block size: 64 bits (WEAK)
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
 112 bits
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.1
Server preference
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc009
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc00a
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc013
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc014
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x2f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x35
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xa
Cipher name: 3DES (WEAK)
Cipher strength: 112 bits
Cipher block size: 64 bits (WEAK)
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
 112 bits
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.0
Server preference
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc009
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc00a
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc013
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc014
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x2f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x35
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xa
Cipher name: 3DES (WEAK)
Cipher strength: 112 bits
Cipher block size: 64 bits (WEAK)
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
 112 bits

Analysis

Notice
Deprecated protocols supported
TLS 1.0 and TLS 1.1 are deprecated protocols that should be disabled if possible. TLS 1.0, in particular, is a weak older protocol that has many weaknesses. Sites that aim at a wide audience might still need to support TLS 1.0 for the time being, because many older clients don't support newer protocol versions. Sites with a modern user base might be able to disable TLS 1.0 even now. We recommend that you enable logging of encryption parameters, after which you can examine your protocol usage and make a decision with confidence. As of July 2018, PCI DSS doesn't allow use of TLS 1.0. Exceptions apply in some cases.
Good
TLS 1.3 supported
Excellent. This server supports TLS 1.3, which is the latest revision of the TLS protocol and a significant improvement over earlier versions. Developed over a period of several years and extensively analyzed prior to the release, TLS 1.3 removed insecure features, and improved both security and performance.
Good
TLS 1.2 supported
Good. This server supports TLS 1.2, which can provide strong security when configured correctly. This version of the TLS protocol is necessary to provide good security with a wide range of clients that don't yet support TLS 1.3.
Good
Strong key exchange detected
Excellent. All cipher suites on this server rely on strong key exchange. The sweet spot is 2048 bits for DHE and 256 bits for ECDHE. Putting ECDHE suites first guarantees best security and best performance.
Good
Server prefers forward secrecy and authenticated encryption suites
Excellent. Not only does this server enforce its server preference, but it also has at the top of the list suites that support both forward secrecy and authenticated encryption. This is the best TLS 1.2 can offer.
Good
Server enforces cipher suite preferences
Excellent. This server enforces server cipher suite preference, which means that it is able to select the best suite from the options submitted by clients. Combined with a well designed list of supported cipher suites, this settings enables negotiation of best security.
Good
All TLS connections with this server satisfy Apple's CT requirements
All TLS connections established with this server satisfy Chrome's CT requirements, using certificate, TLS extension, or OCSP response as SCT transport method.

SCT transports: CERT

Good
All TLS connections with this server satisfy Chrome's CT requirements
All TLS connections established with this server satisfy Chrome's CT requirements, using certificate, TLS extension, or OCSP response as SCT transport method.

SCT transports: CERT

Notice
DHE suites not supported
This server doesn't support the Diffie-Hellman (DH) key exchange.

TLS Configuration: www.gmail.com (172.217.2.101)

Encryption protocol version determines what features are
available for negotiation between client and server.
Supported protocols
TLS v1.3
TLS v1.2
TLS v1.1
TLS v1.0
Servers should always enforce their own cipher
suite preference, as that is the only approach
that guarantees that the best possible suite is
selected.
Server suite preference
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.3
Server preference
Suite: TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0x1303
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ecdh_x25519
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0x1301
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ecdh_x25519
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0x1302
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ecdh_x25519
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA384
TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.2
Server preference
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xcca9
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xc02b
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0xc02c
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA384
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc009
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc00a
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xcca8
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xc02f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0xc030
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA384
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc013
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc014
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0x9c
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA256
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0x9d
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA384
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x2f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x35
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xa
Cipher name: 3DES (WEAK)
Cipher strength: 112 bits
Cipher block size: 64 bits (WEAK)
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
 112 bits
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.1
Server preference
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc009
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc00a
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc013
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc014
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x2f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x35
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xa
Cipher name: 3DES (WEAK)
Cipher strength: 112 bits
Cipher block size: 64 bits (WEAK)
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
 112 bits
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.0
Server preference
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc009
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc00a
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc013
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc014
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x2f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x35
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xa
Cipher name: 3DES (WEAK)
Cipher strength: 112 bits
Cipher block size: 64 bits (WEAK)
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
 112 bits

Analysis

Notice
Deprecated protocols supported
TLS 1.0 and TLS 1.1 are deprecated protocols that should be disabled if possible. TLS 1.0, in particular, is a weak older protocol that has many weaknesses. Sites that aim at a wide audience might still need to support TLS 1.0 for the time being, because many older clients don't support newer protocol versions. Sites with a modern user base might be able to disable TLS 1.0 even now. We recommend that you enable logging of encryption parameters, after which you can examine your protocol usage and make a decision with confidence. As of July 2018, PCI DSS doesn't allow use of TLS 1.0. Exceptions apply in some cases.
Good
TLS 1.3 supported
Excellent. This server supports TLS 1.3, which is the latest revision of the TLS protocol and a significant improvement over earlier versions. Developed over a period of several years and extensively analyzed prior to the release, TLS 1.3 removed insecure features, and improved both security and performance.
Good
TLS 1.2 supported
Good. This server supports TLS 1.2, which can provide strong security when configured correctly. This version of the TLS protocol is necessary to provide good security with a wide range of clients that don't yet support TLS 1.3.
Good
Strong key exchange detected
Excellent. All cipher suites on this server rely on strong key exchange. The sweet spot is 2048 bits for DHE and 256 bits for ECDHE. Putting ECDHE suites first guarantees best security and best performance.
Good
Server prefers forward secrecy and authenticated encryption suites
Excellent. Not only does this server enforce its server preference, but it also has at the top of the list suites that support both forward secrecy and authenticated encryption. This is the best TLS 1.2 can offer.
Good
Server enforces cipher suite preferences
Excellent. This server enforces server cipher suite preference, which means that it is able to select the best suite from the options submitted by clients. Combined with a well designed list of supported cipher suites, this settings enables negotiation of best security.
Good
All TLS connections with this server satisfy Apple's CT requirements
All TLS connections established with this server satisfy Chrome's CT requirements, using certificate, TLS extension, or OCSP response as SCT transport method.

SCT transports: CERT

Good
All TLS connections with this server satisfy Chrome's CT requirements
All TLS connections established with this server satisfy Chrome's CT requirements, using certificate, TLS extension, or OCSP response as SCT transport method.

SCT transports: CERT

Notice
DHE suites not supported
This server doesn't support the Diffie-Hellman (DH) key exchange.

TLS Configuration: gmail.com (142.250.188.37)

Encryption protocol version determines what features are
available for negotiation between client and server.
Supported protocols
TLS v1.3
TLS v1.2
TLS v1.1
TLS v1.0
Servers should always enforce their own cipher
suite preference, as that is the only approach
that guarantees that the best possible suite is
selected.
Server suite preference
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.3
Server preference
Suite: TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0x1303
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ecdh_x25519
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0x1301
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ecdh_x25519
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0x1302
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ecdh_x25519
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA384
TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.2
Server preference
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xcca9
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xc02b
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0xc02c
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA384
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc009
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc00a
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xcca8
Cipher name: CHACHA20
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0xc02f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA256
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0xc030
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA384
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc013
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc014
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
Suite ID: 0x9c
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA256
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
Suite ID: 0x9d
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: AEAD
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA384
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x2f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x35
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xa
Cipher name: 3DES (WEAK)
Cipher strength: 112 bits
Cipher block size: 64 bits (WEAK)
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
 112 bits
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.1
Server preference
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc009
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc00a
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc013
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc014
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x2f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x35
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xa
Cipher name: 3DES (WEAK)
Cipher strength: 112 bits
Cipher block size: 64 bits (WEAK)
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
 112 bits
Shows cipher suite configuration for this protocol version.TLS v1.0
Server preference
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc009
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc00a
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_ECDSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc013
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xc014
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: ECDHE_RSA
Key exchange strength: EC ecdh_x25519 (256 bits)
Forward secrecy: Yes
PRF: SHA
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits (ECDHE 256 bits)
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x2f
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 128 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA
 128 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0x35
Cipher name: AES
Cipher strength: 256 bits
Cipher block size: 128 bits
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA
 256 bits
Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
Suite ID: 0xa
Cipher name: 3DES (WEAK)
Cipher strength: 112 bits
Cipher block size: 64 bits (WEAK)
Cipher mode: CBC
Key exchange: RSA
Key exchange strength: 2048 bits
Forward secrecy: No (WEAK)
PRF: SHA
TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA
 112 bits

Analysis

Notice
Deprecated protocols supported
TLS 1.0 and TLS 1.1 are deprecated protocols that should be disabled if possible. TLS 1.0, in particular, is a weak older protocol that has many weaknesses. Sites that aim at a wide audience might still need to support TLS 1.0 for the time being, because many older clients don't support newer protocol versions. Sites with a modern user base might be able to disable TLS 1.0 even now. We recommend that you enable logging of encryption parameters, after which you can examine your protocol usage and make a decision with confidence. As of July 2018, PCI DSS doesn't allow use of TLS 1.0. Exceptions apply in some cases.
Good
TLS 1.3 supported
Excellent. This server supports TLS 1.3, which is the latest revision of the TLS protocol and a significant improvement over earlier versions. Developed over a period of several years and extensively analyzed prior to the release, TLS 1.3 removed insecure features, and improved both security and performance.
Good
TLS 1.2 supported
Good. This server supports TLS 1.2, which can provide strong security when configured correctly. This version of the TLS protocol is necessary to provide good security with a wide range of clients that don't yet support TLS 1.3.
Good
Strong key exchange detected
Excellent. All cipher suites on this server rely on strong key exchange. The sweet spot is 2048 bits for DHE and 256 bits for ECDHE. Putting ECDHE suites first guarantees best security and best performance.
Good
Server prefers forward secrecy and authenticated encryption suites
Excellent. Not only does this server enforce its server preference, but it also has at the top of the list suites that support both forward secrecy and authenticated encryption. This is the best TLS 1.2 can offer.
Good
Server enforces cipher suite preferences
Excellent. This server enforces server cipher suite preference, which means that it is able to select the best suite from the options submitted by clients. Combined with a well designed list of supported cipher suites, this settings enables negotiation of best security.
Good
All TLS connections with this server satisfy Apple's CT requirements
All TLS connections established with this server satisfy Chrome's CT requirements, using certificate, TLS extension, or OCSP response as SCT transport method.

SCT transports: CERT

Good
All TLS connections with this server satisfy Chrome's CT requirements
All TLS connections established with this server satisfy Chrome's CT requirements, using certificate, TLS extension, or OCSP response as SCT transport method.

SCT transports: CERT

Notice
DHE suites not supported
This server doesn't support the Diffie-Hellman (DH) key exchange.

WWW Certificates

A certificate is a digital document that contains a public key, some information about the entity associated with it, and a digital signature from the certificate issuer. It’s a mechanism that enables us to exchange, store, and use public keys. Being able to reliably verify the identity of a remote server is crucial in order to achieve secure encrypted communication.

Test passed
Everything seems to be well configured. Well done.

Certificate: gmail.com

Leaf certificate gmail.com
Issuer: Google Trust Services LLC
Not Before: 01 Nov 2021 02:54:30 UTC
Not After: 24 Jan 2022 02:54:29 UTC (expires in 1 month 21 days)
Key: RSA 2048 bits
Signature: SHA256withRSA
 View details

Analysis

Good
Strong private key
Good. The private key associated with this certificate is secure.
Good
Strong signature algorithm
Good. This certificate uses a strong signature algorithm.
Good
Certificate matches hostname
Good. The provided certificate matches the expected hostnames.
Good
Certificate dates match
Good. The certificate is valid for use at this point of time.
Good
Certificate has not been revoked
Good. This certificate has not been revoked.
Good
Certificate satisfies Apple's CT compliance requirements
Good. This certificate satisfies Apple's CT requirements at present.
Good
Certificate satisfies Chrome's CT compliance requirements
Good. This certificate satisfies Chrome's CT requirements at present.

Certificate Trust

Determining whether a certificate is considered valid is a complicated process that depends on the exact configuration of the validating party. For trust to be established, the certificate must form a chain that ends with a trusted root. In this section we evaluate the server's certificate against major root stores.

Platform Trusted
Apple
Google AOSP
Microsoft
Mozilla

Certificate Chain

For a server certificate to be valid, it must be presented as part of a complete and valid certificate chain. The last certificate in the chain should be the root and is usually not included in the configuration.

Leaf certificate
gmail.com | 8238dcb
Not After: 24 Jan 2022 02:54:29 UTC (expires in 1 month 21 days)
Authentication: RSA 2048 bits (SHA256withRSA)
 View details
Intermediate certificate
GTS CA 1C3 | 23ecb03
Not After: 30 Sep 2027 00:00:42 UTC (expires in 5 years 9 months)
Authentication: RSA 2048 bits (SHA256withRSA)
 View details
Intermediate certificate
GTS Root R1 | 3ee0278   STATIC-PIN
Not After: 28 Jan 2028 00:00:42 UTC (expires in 6 years 1 month)
Authentication: RSA 4096 bits (SHA256withRSA)
 View details
Root certificate
GlobalSign Root CA | b41b2fb
Not After: 28 Jan 2014 12:00:00 UTC (expired 7 years 10 months ago)
Authentication: RSA 2048 bits (MD5withRSA)
 View details

Analysis

Good
Certificate chain is correct
Good. This chain contains all the right certificates and in the right order.

Certificate: www.gmail.com

Leaf certificate www.gmail.com
Issuer: Google Trust Services LLC
Not Before: 01 Nov 2021 02:59:56 UTC
Not After: 24 Jan 2022 02:59:55 UTC (expires in 1 month 21 days)
Key: EC 256 bits
Signature: SHA256withRSA
 View details

Analysis

Good
Strong private key
Good. The private key associated with this certificate is secure.
Good
Strong signature algorithm
Good. This certificate uses a strong signature algorithm.
Good
Certificate matches hostname
Good. The provided certificate matches the expected hostnames.
Good
Certificate dates match
Good. The certificate is valid for use at this point of time.
Good
Certificate has not been revoked
Good. This certificate has not been revoked.
Good
Certificate satisfies Apple's CT compliance requirements
Good. This certificate satisfies Apple's CT requirements at present.
Good
Certificate satisfies Chrome's CT compliance requirements
Good. This certificate satisfies Chrome's CT requirements at present.

Certificate Trust

Determining whether a certificate is considered valid is a complicated process that depends on the exact configuration of the validating party. For trust to be established, the certificate must form a chain that ends with a trusted root. In this section we evaluate the server's certificate against major root stores.

Platform Trusted
Apple
Google AOSP
Microsoft
Mozilla

Certificate Chain

For a server certificate to be valid, it must be presented as part of a complete and valid certificate chain. The last certificate in the chain should be the root and is usually not included in the configuration.

Leaf certificate
www.gmail.com | 5fbef42
Not After: 24 Jan 2022 02:59:55 UTC (expires in 1 month 21 days)
Authentication: EC 256 bits (SHA256withRSA)
 View details
Intermediate certificate
GTS CA 1C3 | 23ecb03
Not After: 30 Sep 2027 00:00:42 UTC (expires in 5 years 9 months)
Authentication: RSA 2048 bits (SHA256withRSA)
 View details
Intermediate certificate
GTS Root R1 | 3ee0278   STATIC-PIN
Not After: 28 Jan 2028 00:00:42 UTC (expires in 6 years 1 month)
Authentication: RSA 4096 bits (SHA256withRSA)
 View details
Root certificate
GlobalSign Root CA | b41b2fb
Not After: 28 Jan 2014 12:00:00 UTC (expired 7 years 10 months ago)
Authentication: RSA 2048 bits (MD5withRSA)
 View details

Analysis

Good
Certificate chain is correct
Good. This chain contains all the right certificates and in the right order.

Certificate: www.gmail.com

Leaf certificate www.gmail.com
Issuer: Google Trust Services LLC
Not Before: 01 Nov 2021 02:59:49 UTC
Not After: 24 Jan 2022 02:59:48 UTC (expires in 1 month 21 days)
Key: RSA 2048 bits
Signature: SHA256withRSA
 View details

Analysis

Good
Strong private key
Good. The private key associated with this certificate is secure.
Good
Strong signature algorithm
Good. This certificate uses a strong signature algorithm.
Good
Certificate matches hostname
Good. The provided certificate matches the expected hostnames.
Good
Certificate dates match
Good. The certificate is valid for use at this point of time.
Good
Certificate has not been revoked
Good. This certificate has not been revoked.
Good
Certificate satisfies Apple's CT compliance requirements
Good. This certificate satisfies Apple's CT requirements at present.
Good
Certificate satisfies Chrome's CT compliance requirements
Good. This certificate satisfies Chrome's CT requirements at present.

Certificate Trust

Determining whether a certificate is considered valid is a complicated process that depends on the exact configuration of the validating party. For trust to be established, the certificate must form a chain that ends with a trusted root. In this section we evaluate the server's certificate against major root stores.

Platform Trusted
Apple
Google AOSP
Microsoft
Mozilla

Certificate Chain

For a server certificate to be valid, it must be presented as part of a complete and valid certificate chain. The last certificate in the chain should be the root and is usually not included in the configuration.

Leaf certificate
www.gmail.com | 5a845da
Not After: 24 Jan 2022 02:59:48 UTC (expires in 1 month 21 days)
Authentication: RSA 2048 bits (SHA256withRSA)
 View details
Intermediate certificate
GTS CA 1C3 | 23ecb03
Not After: 30 Sep 2027 00:00:42 UTC (expires in 5 years 9 months)
Authentication: RSA 2048 bits (SHA256withRSA)
 View details
Intermediate certificate
GTS Root R1 | 3ee0278   STATIC-PIN
Not After: 28 Jan 2028 00:00:42 UTC (expires in 6 years 1 month)
Authentication: RSA 4096 bits (SHA256withRSA)
 View details
Root certificate
GlobalSign Root CA | b41b2fb
Not After: 28 Jan 2014 12:00:00 UTC (expired 7 years 10 months ago)
Authentication: RSA 2048 bits (MD5withRSA)
 View details

Analysis

Good
Certificate chain is correct
Good. This chain contains all the right certificates and in the right order.

Certificate: gmail.com

Leaf certificate gmail.com
Issuer: Google Trust Services LLC
Not Before: 01 Nov 2021 02:54:37 UTC
Not After: 24 Jan 2022 02:54:36 UTC (expires in 1 month 21 days)
Key: EC 256 bits
Signature: SHA256withRSA
 View details

Analysis

Good
Strong private key
Good. The private key associated with this certificate is secure.
Good
Strong signature algorithm
Good. This certificate uses a strong signature algorithm.
Good
Certificate matches hostname
Good. The provided certificate matches the expected hostnames.
Good
Certificate dates match
Good. The certificate is valid for use at this point of time.
Good
Certificate has not been revoked
Good. This certificate has not been revoked.
Good
Certificate satisfies Apple's CT compliance requirements
Good. This certificate satisfies Apple's CT requirements at present.
Good
Certificate satisfies Chrome's CT compliance requirements
Good. This certificate satisfies Chrome's CT requirements at present.

Certificate Trust

Determining whether a certificate is considered valid is a complicated process that depends on the exact configuration of the validating party. For trust to be established, the certificate must form a chain that ends with a trusted root. In this section we evaluate the server's certificate against major root stores.

Platform Trusted
Apple
Google AOSP
Microsoft
Mozilla

Certificate Chain

For a server certificate to be valid, it must be presented as part of a complete and valid certificate chain. The last certificate in the chain should be the root and is usually not included in the configuration.

Leaf certificate
gmail.com | 3f79ae4
Not After: 24 Jan 2022 02:54:36 UTC (expires in 1 month 21 days)
Authentication: EC 256 bits (SHA256withRSA)
 View details
Intermediate certificate
GTS CA 1C3 | 23ecb03
Not After: 30 Sep 2027 00:00:42 UTC (expires in 5 years 9 months)
Authentication: RSA 2048 bits (SHA256withRSA)
 View details
Intermediate certificate
GTS Root R1 | 3ee0278   STATIC-PIN
Not After: 28 Jan 2028 00:00:42 UTC (expires in 6 years 1 month)
Authentication: RSA 4096 bits (SHA256withRSA)
 View details
Root certificate
GlobalSign Root CA | b41b2fb
Not After: 28 Jan 2014 12:00:00 UTC (expired 7 years 10 months ago)
Authentication: RSA 2048 bits (MD5withRSA)
 View details

Analysis

Good
Certificate chain is correct
Good. This chain contains all the right certificates and in the right order.

DANE (443)

DNS-based Authentication of Named Entities (DANE) is a bridge between DNSSEC and TLS. In one possible scenario, DANE can be used for public key pinning, building on an existing publicly-trusted certificate. In another approach, it can be used to completely bypass the CA ecosystem and establish trust using DNSSEC alone.

Feature not applicable, not implemented, or disabled
Your server doesn't support this feature.

Cookies

Cookies are small chunks of text that are sent between your browser and a website. They are often essential to the operation of the site and sometimes contain sensitive information. Session cookies sent from secure sites must be explicitly marked as secure to prevent being obtained by active network attackers.

Test passed
Everything seems to be well configured. Well done.

Mixed Content

On virtually all web sites, HTML markup, images, style sheets, JavaScript, and other page resources arrive not only over multiple connections but possibly from multiple servers and sites spread across the entire Internet. For a page to be properly encrypted, it’s necessary that all the content is retrieved over HTTPS. In practice, that’s very often not the case, leading to mixed content security problems.

Test passed
Everything seems to be well configured. Well done.

Embedded Resources

In this section we look at the security of all embedded resources. Mixed active content occurs when there are unprotected scripts or styles embedded in a page. This is typically not allowed by modern browsers. Mixed passive content (images, videos and such) are typically allowed, but shouldn't be present.

0 script(s)
  0 out of 0 are secure
0 CSS file(s)
  0 out of 0 are secure
0 media file(s)
  0 out of 0 are secure

Outbound Links

Ideally, an encrypted page should only have links that lead to other encrypted pages. If plaintext links are used, passive network attackers can see where people go after they visit your web site. It's also possible that some sensitive information is leaked in the Referer header.

1 link(s)
  1 out of 1 are encrypted  View all

HTTP Strict Transport Security

HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) vastly improves security of the network encryption layer. With HSTS enabled, browsers no longer allow clicking through certificate warnings errors, which are typically trivial to exploit. Additionally, they will no longer submit insecure (plaintext) requests to the site in question, even if asked.

Feature not applicable, not implemented, or disabled
Your server doesn't support this feature.

HSTS Policy

URL from which this policy was obtained.Location https://www.gmail.com/

Analysis

Good
Policy preloaded
Excellent. This host is covered by a preloaded HSTS policy.

Preloaded host: www.gmail.com; includeSubDomains=false

Powerup!
No parent protection
This host could benefit from further protection if the apex hostname would be configured with a HSTS policy that uses 'includeSubDomains'. Enabling HSTS on an entire domain name is the only approach that provides robust security.

Analysis

Powerup!
Deploy HSTS on this host
This host doesn't use HSTS, which means that its users can be easily attacked via MITM attacks. Consider deploying HSTS to disable certificate warnings and increase content and cookie security.
Powerup!
No HSTS on apex hostname
Even though the main host uses HSTS, the protection is not as good as it could be because the apex hostname doesn't have HSTS deployed. Without robust HSTS, attackers can sometimes abuse cookies and make up plaintext subdomains to use for phishing.

Location: https://gmail.com

HTTP Public Key Pinning

HTTP Public Key Pinning (HPKP) enables site operators to restrict which certificates are considered valid for their domain names. With a valid HPKP configuration, sites can defeat man in the middle (MITM) attacks using fraudulent or misissued certificates. HPKP is an advanced feature, suitable for use by only high-profile web sites.

Feature not applicable, not implemented, or disabled
Your server doesn't support this feature.

Content Security Policy

Content Security Policy (CSP) is a security mechanism that allows web sites control how browsers process their pages. In essence, sites can restrict what types of resources are loaded and from where. CSP policies can be used to defend against cross-site scripting, prevent mixed content issues, as well as report violations for investigation.

Feature not applicable, not implemented, or disabled
Your server doesn't support this feature.

Subresource Integrity

Subresource Integrity (SRI) is a new standard that enables browsers to verify the integrity of embedded page resources (e.g., scripts and stylesheets) when they are loaded from third-party web sites. With SRI deployed, remote resources can be used safely, without fear of them being modified by malicious parties.

Test passed
Everything seems to be well configured. Well done.
No external scripts
  SRI not needed
No external stylesheets
  SRI not needed

Analysis

Good
No remote resources
The homepage of this site doesn't contain any remote resources so SRI is not needed.

Expect CT

Expect-CT is a response HTTP header that web sites can use to monitor problems related to their Certificate Transparency (CT) compliance. Should any CT issues arise, browsers that support this header will submit reports to the specified reporting endpoint.

Feature not applicable, not implemented, or disabled
Your server doesn't support this feature.

Analysis

Powerup!
Deploy Expect-CT to enable reporting
An Expect-CT policy enables web sites to monitor for any problems related to their Expect-CT compliance, detecting potentially serious issues quickly. When issues arise, compliant browsers will submit reports to the specified reporting endpoints. Before CT become required for all public certificates the Expect-CT was also used to require CT, but that use case no longer applies.

Frame Options

The X-Frame-Options header controls page framing, which occurs when a page is incorporated into some other page, possibly on a different site. If framing is allowed, attackers can employ clever tricks to make victims perform arbitrary actions on your site; they do this by showing their web site while forwarding the victim's clicks to yours.

Feature not applicable, not implemented, or disabled
Your server doesn't support this feature.

XSS Protection

Some browsers ship with so-called XSS Auditors, built-in defenses against XSS. Although these defenses work against simple reflective XSS attacks, they can be abused by skillful attackers to add weaknesses to otherwise secure web sites. These dangers are present in both filtering and blocking modes. At this time, the Safari browser ships with its XSS defenses enabled by default. For this reason, the best approach is to explicitly disable this functionality.

Test passed
Everything seems to be well configured. Well done.

Analysis

Info
Header information

Name: X-XSS-Protection

Value: 0

Good
Browser XSS protection disabled
Great. XSS protection is explicitly disabled, making this web site safe even with browsers that have this functionality enabled by default.

Content Type Options

Some browsers use a technique called content sniffing to override response MIME types provided by HTTP servers and interpret responses as something else (usually HTML). This behavior, which could potentially lead to security issues, should be disabled by attaching an X-Content-Type-Options header to all responses.

Test passed
Everything seems to be well configured. Well done.

Analysis

Info
Header information

Name: X-Content-Type-Options

Value: nosniff

Good
Valid configuration
Good. Your configuration is valid. This means that browsers won't try to guess file MIME type on this web site.

HTML Analysis

Analysis of page content, including SRI.

Test passed
Everything seems to be well configured. Well done.

Base URL

https://www.gmail.com/

Active Content

Type Status Location
None

Passive Content

Type Status Link
None

Links

Type Status Link
link Encrypted www.google.com